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Information available in this section includes:

Foreign Nationals Employment Trends

All Foreign Nationals Employed in Malta & Gozo

 1.1  Type of Employment of Foreign Nationals (2002-2018)  
 1.2  Share of Foreign Employment by Continent Origin (Dec 2018)  

Employment of EU Nationals 

 2.1  Top 10 Nationalities of Employed EU Nationals (2002-2018)  
 2.2  Employed EU Nationals by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-2018)  
 2.3  Employed EU Nationals by Economic Sector (2002-2018) 
 2.4  Employed EU Nationals by Major Occupation Group (2002-2018)

Employment of Third Country Nationals 

 3.1  Top 10 Nationalities of Employed Third Country Nationals (2002-2018)  
 3.2  Employed Third Country Nationals by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-18)  
 3.3  Employed Third Country Nationals by Economic Sector (2002-18) 
 3.4  Employed Third Country Nationals by Major Occupation Group (2002-18)
 3.5  Employed Asylum Applicants and Beneficiaries of Protection by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-2018)

 

All Foreign Nationals Employed in Malta & Gozo

1.1 Type of Employment of Foreign Nationals (2002-2018)

Employed foreign nationals in Malta and Gozo at the end of 2018 amounted to 55,280 persons, compared to the almost 4,000 persons in 2002. Since the joining of the Maltese Islands in the European Union, employment of foreign nationals increased drastically. The largest influx was of course from other EU member states (almost 61% of total foreign employment), followed by Third Country Nationals (TCNs) which amount to 38% of total foreign employment; and a 1% share of those originating from EFTA countries (such as Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland).

 

As at end of December 2018, almost 85% of employed EU nationals were in full-time employment, while the remaining 15% were employed as part-time. 96% of TCNs were in full-time employment and 4% were in part-time employment.

Foreign National Trend (2002-2018) 
Type of Employment (2002-18)



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1.2 Share of Foreign Employment by Continent Origin 

Analysing the origin of employed foreign nationals in Malta in Gozo as at end 2018, 74% of workers originated from Europe, 19% from Asia, 5% from Africa and the remaining 2% from the Americas and Australia. Employment of foreign nationals since 2002 has increased significantly, although the shares of continent origins remained on average the same. Data from 2002 till 2018 by Continent origin can be downloaded from below.  
Share of Foreigner Employment (2002-18) 

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Employment of EU Nationals in Malta & Gozo

In the following tables, EU Nationals will include: (a) those persons originating from EU Member States including  their dependents who could be third country nationals; and (b) those persons who originate from EFTA countries and who therefore can be employed like EU Nationals based on the conditions agreed with the EU. 

2.1 Top 10 Nationalities of Employed EU Nationals (2002-2018)

The following illustration provides a trend of the top 10 employed EU nationalities over a period of a decade. UK nationals used to occupy the first place in this list until 2014, after which Italian nationals are now ranking first.  
Top 10 EU Nationals (2002-18) 

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2.2 Employed EU Nationals by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-2018)

Employed EU nationals are segmented as 59% males and 41% females. 62% of all EU nationals are aged between 30-54 years; followed by 20% in the 25-29 age cohort. Over the period under review, all the age cohorts have been increasing as the influx of EU nationals increased.
EU Nationals by Sex (2002-18) 
EU by Age (2002-18)

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2.3 Employed EU Nationals by Economic Sector (2002-2018)

EU nationals are mainly employed (22%) in the Professional, Scientific, Technical, Administration and Support Service Activities sector; followed closely by the Wholesale & Retail Trade; Transportation & Storage (19%)the Arts, Entertainment and Recreation sector (18%); and the Accomodation and Food Services Activities sector (14%). Employment of EU nationals has been increasing fast in these four economic sectors over the past decade.
 
EU by Sector (2002-18)

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2.4 Employed EU Nationals by Main Occupation Group (2002-2018)

EU nationals are mainly employed in occupations relating to the top five major groups of the ISCO-08 coding, namely: Clerks and Support Workers (20%); Service and Sales workers (17%); Professionals (17%); Managerial grades (13%); and Technical and Associate Professional Groups (14%). Over the past decade, these five major occupation groups have varied in their shares of total EU nationals employed in Malta and Gozo. 
EU by Occupation (2002-18) 

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Employment of Third Country Nationals in Malta & Gozo

In the following tables, Third Country Nationals will include: (a) those persons originating from non-EU Member States and who entered the Islands in a legal manner; and (b) those persons who are termed as irregular migrants, which consist of beneficiaries of national and international protection, Asylum Seekers and failed Asylum Seekers). 

3.1 Top 10 Nationalities of Employed Third Country Nationals (2002-2018)

The following illustration provides a trend of the top 10 employed Third Country Nationals over a period of a decade. As one can notice from the below illustration, the top three nationalities who have been increasing gradually over the period under review are persons originating from Philippines, Serbia and India. Towards the end of 2018, the top ranking TCNs were those originating from Philippines who are mainly employed in caring professions. 
Top 10 TCNs (2002-18) 

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3.2 Employed Third Country Nationals by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-2018)

Employed Third Country Nationals are segmented as 62% males and 38% females. 62% of all Third Country Nationals are aged between 30-54 years; followed by 24% in the 25-29 age cohort. Over the period under review, all the age cohorts have been increasing as the influx of TCNs increased.
 TCNs by Sex (2002-18)
TCNs by Age Cohort (2002-18)




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3.3 Employed Third Country Nationals by Economic Sector (2002-2018)

Third Country Nationals are mainly employed (31%) in the Professional, Scientific, Technical, Administration and Support Service Activities sector; followed by the the Accomodation and food service activities (15%);Public Administration, Education, Human Health and Social Work Activities sector (14%); Construction (11%); and the Wholesale & Retail Trade; Transportation & Storage; Information & Communication sector (12%). Employment of Third Country Nationals has been increasing gradually in these five economic sectors over the past decade.
 TCNs by Sector (2002-18)

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3.4 Employed Third Country Nationals by Main Occupation Group (2002-2018)

Over one third of Third Country Nationals are mainly employed in jobs relating to Elementary occupations (34%). The next major occupation groups in which TCNs are mainly employed include:Service and Sales workers (24%); Craft and related Trade Workers (12%); Technical and Associate Professionals (8%);and in Professional grades (8%). 

TCNs by Occupation (2002-18) 

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3.5 Employed Asylum Applicants and Beneficiaries of Protection by Gender and Age Cohorts (2002-2018)

Employed Asylum Applicants and Beneficiaries of Protection have increased over the past decade. As at end 2018, 91% were males whilst the remaining 9% were females. The majority of these migrants are aged between 30-54 years (62%); followed by 21% of those in the 25-29 age cohort and 16% are aged under 25 years. Migrants aged 30-54 years maintained their highest share over the period under review. 

Asylum Applicants and Beneficiaries of Protection includes migrants classified as: Asylum Seekers, Temporary Humanitarian Protection, Subsidiary Protection and Refugees.   

 
Asylum Applicants & Beneficiaries of Protection Tr
 Asylum Applicants & Beneficiaries of Protection by
by sex


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